Fungus on the feet - principles of treatment

"How to cure foot fungus, " "How to quickly get rid of onychomycosis, foot fungus, gain eternal youth and overcome death. " These are all questions on the same level. The fungus on the legs cannot be treated quickly and reliably, especially with home methods. You still need a dermatologist.

Yeast infection of the foot is a skin disease caused by the spread of parasitic fungi and is one of the most common conditions affecting human skin (pictured).

The disease is quite difficult to treat and causes complications, since it rarely starts on time.

Foot fungus

Often, a person infected with a fungal infection does not pay attention to the symptoms and the bacteria have time to "attach" firmly to the skin.

Causes of the fungus on the feet

The high prevalence of foot fungus is explained by the fact that the disease is easily transmitted from person to person at the contact-household level.

Pathogens like a humid, warm environment that promotes fungal growth.

Swimming pools, gyms, baths and saunas - where a person can walk barefoot on the ground, are some of the first places where you can catch a fungus.

The use of household items and personal effects of a person with foot fungus (towels, washcloths) inevitably leads to infection.

The second reason for the spread of fungal infection and the formation of mycosis of the foot is non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene, increased sweating of the legs.

Rarely changing socks and putting them on wet feet also creates all the favorable conditions for the growth of fungi on the feet.

Symptoms of a fungus on the feet

There are several forms of mycosis of the foot, the symptoms of which have distinctive characteristic features.

Erased form of toe fungus

The symptoms of this form of foot fungus are insignificant and it is the insidiousness of the skin disease.

A slight dryness and peeling of the dermis is accepted by a person as an absolutely normal physiological phenomenon.

Although the spaces that appear between the fingers are considered diaper rashes, they are actually symptoms of fungal exposure.

Scaly-hyperkeratic form of foot fungus

The most common form of mycosis of the foot among the population over the age of 60 is moccasin foot.

It is therefore called because of the obvious visible signs that appear on the surface of the foot:

  • rough skin thickened over the entire surface;
  • cracks, calluses (hyperkeratosis);
  • fixation of the lesion of the nail plates;
  • the color is dirty gray, with yellowing;
  • Unpleasant odor;
  • separation of the stratum corneum, scales;
  • pain when walking and inability to wear shoes.

Vesicular form of the fungus of the foot

Yeast infection of the foot, with symptoms in the form of blister formations with a thick stratum corneum, is called the wet form of a fungal infection.

Vesicular form of fungus on the legs

The bubbles that appear over time open and become like eczema, ulcers, psoriasis.

Usually, yeast infection of the foot manifests itself in different ways.

The disease can start with cracked heels, bursting and itchy bubbles, severe diaper rash, or rough skin.

The peeling skin cannot be left unnoticed when it exfoliates in small or large flakes from the foot.

There is also an unpleasant smell, the legs sweat quickly, and after being in the shoes, the foot "burns" and itches.

Complications that result from a careless attitude to the symptoms of the disease are manifested in the form of erosions and painful injuries to the legs, which sometimes cannot be completely cured.

Treatment of foot fungus

For the treatment of mycosis of the foot, antimyotics of a new generation are used. They are not as bad for the liver and are very effective.

However, the fungus is insidious in that it quickly develops resistance to various types of drugs, causing relapses.

To cure a fungal infection of the foot, it is necessary to make an accurate diagnosis by identifying what type of yeast infection has spread to the skin. To do this, a scraping is performed for the fungus.

Comprehensive treatment, with a precise scheme of taking drugs, both local and systemic, should be determined only by a specialist, since self-medication leads to a worsening of the problem.

And the third point of a successful cure is strict patient discipline in taking medication, adhering to a diet, and taking preventative measures.

Several treatment regimens for mycosis of the foot are used - combined and as monotherapy.

And if a drug is selected for monotherapy, most often for external use.

This combined scheme involves several directions of treatment at once:

  1. external remedies;
  2. tablets for internal use;
  3. laser exposure;
  4. pedicure equipment.

External remedies for yeast infection of the feet

The most effective, able to influence the fungus, is a substance that destroys both mold and yeast-like fungi, can fight dermatophytes and infections of non-fungal origin, often associated with fungal infections of the foot.

This substance can come in various forms - spray, cream or gel, solution, etc.

The products act on the principle of the formation of a protective film, which can be stored on the surface of the skin for up to 72 hours.

External drugs are applied in the amount prescribed by the doctor, but often the procedure is carried out 1-2 times a day for 2-4 weeks, then treatment is continued, but in a different scheme.

Before applying the ointment or cream, the foot is cleaned.

Salicylic acid wraps are made to get rid of the stratum corneum, soap and soda baths, petroleum jelly ointment is used to soften and remove dead tissue.

These procedures are performed in special rooms for medical pedicures, using abrasive accessories.

Before treating the fungus of the feet with a wet type, you need to dry the ulcers and blisters with boric acid, bright green or iodine.

To prevent the spread of the fungus on the nail plates, special varnishes are prescribed against onychomycosis.

But the vesicular form of the yeast infection will require the addition of corticosteroids to the treatment regimen.

How to cure a fungus on the feet - systemic therapy

Taking antimycotics internally is not indicated for all patients with mycosis of the foot.

The drugs are quite toxic, therefore, pregnant and lactating women, young children, the elderly, as well as those with liver dysfunction are not prescribed.

According to the instructions attached to the drug or according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor, antimycotic tablets are taken.

Recently, the drugs that relieve the fungus of the feet and nails in 1 course have been proven to relieve itching, peeling and irritation of the skin of the legs after the first application.

Folk remedies for treating fungus on the feet

If there are categorical contraindications for the treatment of foot fungus with drugs, you can try folk remedies.

How to cure foot fungus at home:

  1. The acid in wine vinegar or table vinegar (9%) is an effective folk remedy for fungus. It is used to lubricate the surface of the skin affected by the yeast infection and to put cotton socks on it. Leave it on overnight. It is not recommended to use vinegar for those with wounds or sores on the legs. In this case, it is better to reduce the concentration of the folk remedy or replace it with a milder one.
  2. Brewed coffee gives good results. It is necessary to prepare the drink stronger and enough to be able to fully immerse the feet in it. For prevention, alternative treatment is carried out on two limbs at once, even if the mycosis is observed on only one. Perform the procedure at bedtime.
  3. Celandine foot baths also work as an effective folk remedy that can rid the feet of fungus within a month. Prepare a bath at the rate of 4 tbsp. l for 1 l. the water. The grass is boiled, after which the legs fly away in a hot collection for half an hour. You can also take a stronger collection of herbs for brewing - oak bark, chamomile, knotweed, sage, eucalyptus, and fir needles. They all have excellent antifungal properties.
  4. You can also use lotions from a local anesthetic by moistening a cotton sponge in a medicinal solution and applying it to the affected area. A folk remedy quickly relieves symptoms - pain and itching.

Prevention of fungus on the feet

Effective treatment of foot fungus is possible subject to the following preventive measures:

  • Mandatory disinfection of the soles and inner surface of shoes, the more often the better. To do this, use special anti-fungal sprays for shoes or alcohol;
  • it is advisable to change the bedding every day and it is necessary to wash it at a high temperature;
  • disinfect the surface of the bathroom or shower cubicle and refuse to visit public baths during treatment;
  • in public places, do not allow yourself to walk barefoot and wipe your feet before putting on your shoes;
  • it is necessary to treat the fungus at once for all members of the family, otherwise someone will be constantly infected;
  • diet - do not eat allergenic foods, smoked meats, canned foods, very salty and peppery foods, sweets.