Nail fungus on your feet: symptoms and treatment

Pick up this disease is possible anywhere, but there are a number of factors that contribute to the emergence and development of onychomycosis.


  • Floor: it is shown that the fungi of the genus Candida women occurs up to three times more often than men. Men are more prone to the disease in other species of mold and mildew.

  • Age: most commonly from with nail fungus suffer from people older than thirty years. To the children of the disease clings a lot less often. Dr. says that this is due to the rapid growth of the nail plate in children, and strengthened immunity.

  • The condition of the body: endocrine disorders, varicose veins, heart failure, diseases of the blood, dysbacterioses – in the presence in the body as the disease the risk of infection by the fungus increases. Another risk factor – long term ingestion of antibiotics.

  • Injury to the nails: even the slightest injury to the nail, for example, during a pedicure can lead to the infection of onychomycosis.

  • Failure to comply with hygiene: for example, you walk into saunas barefoot, on the floor of a wet showering in a public place, you use someone else's towel, or you put someone else's shoes. Fungus on feet – the disease, which is transmitted by contact way – enough random touch, to infect.

  • Profession: mushroom exposed to people who are forced to spend a long time walking in tight closed shoes (e.g., athletes, soldiers, miners). At risk are people whose work involves long contact with water, as well as the aggressive cleansers, because they soften the nail plate. The fungus is also called "disease of civilization": they more often suffer from people living in big cities.

  • Individual characteristics of the organism: at risk are people who suffer from increased sweating of the feet. The victim of onychomycosis – people with the maximum of the anatomical shape of the foot with narrow gaps between the fingers.

Healthy and infected fungus nails


Defeat the fungus more susceptible to the nail plate on the fingers of the feet and on the fingers. General clinical manifestations:

  • Will the nail plate develop a yellowish changed color and shape;

  • Your nail is deformed, falling apart, foliated, is destroyed;

  • The horny layer of the skin under the nail is abducted;

  • The skin on her finger snowflakes, you feel a strong itching.

Doctors there are three main stages of the fungus feet: atrophic, normotrophic and hypertrophic. Each of these forms has its own symptoms. The disease can flow from one form to another, and in more advanced cases, the fungus looks the same.

Normotroficheskie form: you're just changing the shade of the nail, while its structure is maintained. Formed white spots and stripes, which gradually unite, and fill the entire surface of the plate.

Hypertrophic form: in addition to the color changes observed thickening of the nail, crumbling and volume, the plate loses its luster.

Atrophic form: the nail completely collapse, the zone of growth dies off, the plate more, can not hold in the nail bed, which can lead to accidental or traumatic loss of the nail.

Treatment of mold

The affected onychomycosis nails must be treated. And the best treatable beginner's mushroom, is not launched. It is very important to observe the rules of hygiene and to deal with the prevention of disease.

Doctors believe that the only option they were healed, the cold the pores of the year, and in autumn and winter. The method of treatment depends on the degree of neglect of the case and from the stage of onychomycosis.

Surgical method is applied to the running stage. This method assumes the complete removal of the nail plate. But with the advancement of technology in the field of health it gave way to the non-invasive laser treatment: the laser beam selectively affects the disturbed, may the natural nail plate. This is the mycelium of the fungus is destroyed under the influence of critical for him temperature (the effect of thermolysis). According to the study, this method is effective in 96-100% of cases (even the running). In addition, such treatment stimulates the growth of healthy nails and does not damage the surrounding tissue. The patient after the procedure there is no need recovery period, and may immediately return to a normal way of life. To the laser method, you can resort to at any stage of the disease.

Treatment of nail fungus

For laser surgery there are contraindications: pregnancy, cancer diseases, chronic diseases in stage of decompensation, epilepsy, susceptibility of the skin to the formation of keloid scars.

Drug treatment drugs includes courses receiving antifungal capsules and powders, as well as the use of funds for the local treatment of onychomycosis in the form of ointments, talcum powder, gels, varnishes and other At the beginning of treatment, as with a laser, so with the help of drugs for local action, the patient sent to podiatry, which would give him the hardware manicure. It is necessary to make the nail plate thinner and remove the affected tissue on the great or other toes.

Doctors do not advise to use several varnishes – it does not, but on the contrary reduces the effectiveness of treatment of mold and mildew. Varnish is needed each week to wash any conventional means for removal of varnish and cover the plate a new layer.

For the amplification of the effect of the treatment you can several times a day over several weeks in special trays and applications. For example, with tea tree oil, an ointment with propolis and acetic acid solution. Shoes for prevention is the need to handle special deodorant, which includes one or several components: the sequence, propolis, oak decoction, celandine.

Often doctors prescribe a complex treatment of onychomycosis, i.e. the use of several techniques: for example, intake of ingestion of drugs and the carpet nail plate varnish. Don't forget to handle the balm and the nail adjacent to the affected nail, because the fungus, most likely passed on them, only to still couldn't manifest.

Antifungal local products must meet the following criteria:

When choosing an ointment or another medicine to treat the mold it is necessary to undergo examination and consultation of the doctor-mycologist.


It is important to note that even after effective treatment of mold and mildew is always a risk to become infected repeatedly. It is therefore very important to observe personal hygiene and deal with prevention.

  • Don't forget to make a home or hardware pedicure podiatry and undergo regular inspections.

  • Healthy nails
  • Do not wear tight not breathable shoes made of synthetic materials. In particular, if it's wet and doesn't have time to dry out. In general, the proper drying of shoes is very important both in the prevention and in the treatment of mold and mildew. The best method – the use of antifungal uv dryers for footwear. Dryer will not only quickly removes moisture (which is a breeding ground for fungal infections), but also acts directly on fungal organisms, suppresses their livelihood.

  • Always use your own shoes in the pool, the gym, the sauna and other public places. Don't go in there barefoot. After visiting these places, coming home, take a shower with antibacterial soap.

  • Daily wash feet and change socks or stockings. Use a special deodorizing means on the shoes, as well as for the skin of feet.

You need to watch your diet. Eliminate or reduce consumption as food: sugar, sweets, alcohol, foods made from refined flour. Eat more fresh and sour vegetables (carrots, cabbage, sweet potatoes, bell pepper, zucchini). Drink kefir, acidophilus milk, eat cottage cheese and cheese. Diet should be balanced and contain protein, healthy fats, carbohydrates and also dietary fiber and trace elements.